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What is fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition causing pain, stiffness, tenderness of the muscles, tendons, and joints and heightened and painful response to pressure.
Fibromyalgia symptoms are not restricted to pain, leading to the use of the alternative term Fibromyalgia syndrome for the condition. Other symptoms include debilitating fatigue; sleep disturbance, and joint stiffness. Some patients may also report difficulty with swallowing, bowel and bladder abnormalities, numbness and tingling, and cognitive dysfunction. Fibromyalgia is frequently co morbid with psychiatric conditions such as depression and anxiety and stress-related disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder. Not all people with fibromyalgia experience all associated symptoms. Fibromyalgia is estimated to affect 2–4% of the population, with a female to male incidence ratio of approximately 9:1. While fibromyalgia is one of the most common diseases affecting the muscles, its cause is currently unknown. The painful tissues involved are not accompanied by tissue inflammation. Therefore, despite potentially disabling body pain, patients with fibromyalgia do not develop body damage or deformity. Fibromyalgia also does not cause damage to internal body organs. In this sense, fibromyalgia is different from many other rheumatic conditions (such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, and polymyositis). In those diseases, tissue inflammation is the major cause of pain, stiffness, and tenderness of the joints, tendons and muscles, and it can lead to joint deformity and damage to the internal organs or muscles.

What Causes Fibromyalgia
The cause of fibromyalgia is not known. Those affected experience pain in response to stimuli that are normally not perceived as painful. There are a few hypothesis
Causation hypotheses:
  • Genetic predisposition
    There is evidence that genetic factors may play a role in the development of fibromyalgia. For example, there is a high aggregation of fibromyalgia in families.
  • Stress
    Stress may be an important precipitating factor in the development of Fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is frequently comorbid with stress-related disorders such as chronic fatigue, posttraumatic stress disorder, irritable bowel syndrome and depression.
  • Dopamine dysfunction (hypodopaminergia)
    The 'dopamine hypothesis of fibromyalgia’ proposes that the central abnormality responsible for symptoms associated with fibromyalgia is a disruption of normal dopamine-related neurotransmission.
  • Deficient growth hormone (GH) secretion
    Levels of hormones under the direct or indirect control of growth hormone (GH), may be abnormal in people with fibromyalgia
  • Psychological factors
    There is strong evidence that major depression is associated with Fibromyalgia, although the nature of the association is controversial. A comprehensive review into the relationship between fibromyalgia and major depressive disorder (MDD) found substantial similarities.
  • Also, patients with fibromyalgia have an impaired non-Rapid-Eye-Movement, or non-REM, sleep phase (which likely, at least in part, explains the common feature of waking up fatigued and unrefreshed in these patients). The onset of fibromyalgia has been associated with psychological distress, trauma, and infection.
Who does fibromyalgia affect? Top
Fibromyalgia affects predominantly women (over 80% of those affected are women) between the ages of 35 and 55. Rarely, fibromyalgia can also affect men, children, and the elderly. It can occur independently or can be associated with another disease, such as systemic lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
What are the signs and Symptoms of Fibromyalgia? Top
The defining symptoms of Fibromyalgia are chronic, widespread pain, fatigue, and heightened pain in response to tactile pressure (allodynia).
  • Pain: The pain of Fibromyalgia is generally widespread, involving both sides of the body. Pain usually affects the neck, buttocks, shoulders, arms, the upper back, and the chest. "Tender points" are localized tender areas of the body that can bring on widespread pain and muscle spasm when touched. Fibromyalgia tender points, or pressure points, are commonly found around the elbows, shoulders, knees, hips, back of the head, and the sides of the breastbone.
Other symptoms may include
  • Tingling of the skin,
  • Prolonged muscle spasms,
  • Weakness in the limbs,
  • Nerve pain,
  • Muscle twitching,
  • Palpitations,
  • Functional bowel disturbances,
  • Chronic sleep disturbances.
  • Many patients experience cognitive dysfunction (known as "brain fog" or "fibrofog"), which may be characterized by impaired concentration, problems with short and long-term memory, short-term memory consolidation, impaired speed of performance, inability to multi-task, cognitive overload, and diminished attention span.
  • Fibromyalgia is often associated with anxiety, and depressive symptoms
  • The body pain of fibromyalgia can be aggravated by noise, weather change, and emotional stress.
How is Fibromyalgia diagnosed? Top
There are no blood tests or X-ray tests that help the doctor determine whether someone has Fibromyalgia. These tests are done to exclude other possible diagnoses. Therefore, the diagnosis of Fibromyalgia is made purely on clinical grounds based on the doctor's history and physical examination. In patients with widespread body pain, the diagnosis of Fibromyalgia can be made by identifying point tenderness areas (typically, patients will have at least 11 of the 18 classic Fibromyalgia tender points), by finding no accompanying tissue swelling or inflammation, and by excluding other medical conditions that can mimic Fibromyalgia. Many medical conditions can cause pain in different areas of the body, mimicking Fibromyalgia. These conditions include
What is the role of Homoeopathy in Fibromyalgia?
As described in the article aboveFibromyalgiahas multifactor ail causes. Homoeopathy follows an individualistic approach towards patients suffering from Fibromyalgiawe believe that every individual is different and thus a full in-depth case study is the first step. Then referring to the risk factors the individual was subjected too, a particular line of treatment is adopted. The usual conventional treatment provides only mere palliation. On the other hand our deep acting constitutional medicine cure the disease in depth rendering the patient free from the disease
A broad criterion of how the homoeopathic medicines act in cases of Fibromyalgia is mentioned below. The response to treatment can differ from one individual to another patients are advised to consult so that the mode of treatment can be discussed pertaining to their particular case

Relieving Symptoms Like:
  • Pain
  • Tingling of the skin,
  • Prolonged muscle spasms,
  • Weakness in the limbs,
  • Nerve pain,
  • Muscle twitching,
  • Palpitations,
  • Functional bowel disturbances,
  • Chronic sleep disturbances.
Controlling the Disease Process: Our deep acting constitutional medicines work at the root level. Homoeopathy with its natural medicinal substances used in small quantities help by controlling theunderlying disease process We at DRSS provide our patients with diet charts, exercise schedules and guide them how to modify their lifestyle so that better results can be achieved. Homoeopathic medicines if taken under proper guidance from a well-qualified professional are extremely safe and have no side effects.
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